September 26, 2021


Our face is our most distinctive physical feature, but there is much we don’t yet understand about the process of self-recognition. A great deal of studies has focused on the understanding of how we remember how we look like. However, few studies have considered how we first learn to know that the reflection in the mirror is our face, and how we are able to adapt to incorporate to our self-image the changes that occur to our face across our lives. This project seeks to advance our understanding of the way people experience their self and the other people around them, by looking at how self-recognition may be influenced by the current information provided by all different senses.

We are interested to understand how we recognize ourselves in the mirror. Do we recognize ourselves in the mirror because we remember how we look like, or because the available sensory information (e.g., “I feel touch when seeing the face in the mirror being touched”) suggests that the mirror reflection is me? We are interested to know how the information provided by all different senses influences the process of self-recognition, and in particular how does it make you feel.

Funding ID: ESRC, First Grant,: “Looking for myself: interactions between multisensory integration and recognition of one’s own face ”.

Related Publications

Tsakiris M (2008). The self-other distinction: insights from self-recognition experiments. In Morganti F, Carassa A, Riva G (Eds) Enacting Intersubjectivity: A Cognitive and Social Perspective to the Study of Interactions. IOP Press: Amsterdam.

Tsakiris M (2008). Looking for myself: current multisensory input alters self-face recognition. PLoS ONE 3(12):e4040  [designed, tested, analysed, wrote the paper]

Tsakiris M & Frith C (2008) Self: neurocognitive approaches. In Τ Bayne, Α Cleeremans & P Wilken (Eds.). Τhe Oxford Companion to Consciousness. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Tsakiris M, Haggard P, Franck N, Mainy N & Sirigu A (2005). A specific role for efferent information in self-recognition. Cognition, 96, 215-231. [MT designed, tested, analysed, wrote the paper]